Anogia is a mountain town in the prefecture of Rethymno in Crete, built at an altitude of 700-790 meters; its name comes from the words “ano” and “gaia”, which mean upper and land, respectively. Inhabited since the Byzantium, it played a significant role during the occupation by the Turks, who set it on fire in 1822. In the national liberation during World War II, it was again razed for resisting. In 1946, the Greek state presented Anogia with the award of the First-class War Cross as a recognition for the disasters inflicted on its people and the heroism they showed.